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Green Jobs are Key Contributors to Preserve the Environment in India

Because India has been an agrarian economy, ‘green jobs’ have long existed in the country. However, the phenomena of green jobs attracted the attention of academia and policy makers after initiatives of UNEP and ILO and the publication of the report on “Green Jobs: Towards Decent Work in a Sustainable, Low Carbon World”.

A green job (in context of India) helps bring about and maintain a transition to environmentally sustainable forms of production and consumption. A country can adopt a model of a green economy for development if entire job domains become green.

Initially, India began to prepare to undertake necessary planning, including legal regulations and skill mapping for initiating green jobs generations in a select few industries including brick making, tanneries, agriculture, MSMEs, energy sector, water and sanitation, green buildings, fuel, and foundries. It then slowly expanded its coverage to more formal sectors that included steel plants, power plants, emissions cap programs, coal phase out plan, and subsequently to thermal power plants.

Meanwhile, the sector cleaned up much of their systems and value chains generating more than 20% of over 500,000 new green jobs globally in 2017 (https://scroll.in/article/936135/creating-green-jobs-could-help-address-both-unemployment-and-environmental-degradation-in-india). Lately, in order to double down on the generation of green jobs, the Government has taken comprehensive measures to green the economy from supporting low carbon transport fuel to e-mobility to large scale solar power production to a coal phase out plan. India has also launched one of the world’s largest skills mapping, training, and support systems in order to train 150 million people in newly generated green jobs as per national standards by a new statutory body in public-private mode called Skill Council for Green Jobs (https://sscgj.in/). It is further estimated that the economy will add additional green jobs in tourism, agriculture, manufacturing, mining and quarrying, railways, and other transport areas according to ILO’s Skills for Green Jobs in India (2018) (http://www.oit.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—ed_emp/—ifp_skills/documents/publication/wcms_706945.pdf).

At the enterprise level, green jobs can produce goods or provide services that benefit the environment, for example green buildings or clean transportation. However, these green outputs (products and services) are not always based on green production processes and technologies. Therefore, green jobs can also be distinguished by their contribution to more environmentally friendly processes. For example, green jobs can reduce water consumption or improve recycling systems. Yet, green jobs defined through production processes do not necessarily produce environmental goods or services. Green jobs are central to sustainable development and respond to the global challenges of environmental protection, economic development and social inclusion. Greening of enterprises, workplace practices and the labour market as a whole can be achieved by engaging governments, workers, and employers as active agents of change. These efforts create employment opportunities, enhance resource efficiency, and build low-carbon sustainable societies.

The Green Jobs scope covers the entire gamut of “Green Businesses” through renewable energy, energy storage, green construction, green transportation, carbon sinks, solid waste management, water management and e-waste management and hence would have widespread impact across India. Green Businesses would encompass all forms of renewable electricity/fuels, municipal/farm waste and urban/rural water management, green construction, green transport and carbon sinks.

Keeping in view India’s ratification of the Paris climate agreement in 2015, the Indian INDC brings a huge responsibility on the country and equal opportunities before green business and poses skilled manpower requirement towards creation of a Green Economy. The Green Economy is no longer an aspirational phrase but a compelling way of sustainable living, driven by widely accepted concerns over environment, climate change, water, and waste and having an articulated road map in the form of INDC’s as part of the Paris Agreement.

Alert Message:

The growing Indian economy is taking a toll on the natural resources. Many sectors directly linked with economic growth are also natural resource intensive, and therefore balancing economic growth and environmental impact will remain a major challenge for the country. Most of metropolitan cities still fall in the category of the “Polluted Cities” according to the standards set by the World Health Organization (WHO). The tradeoffs between development and the environment will be crucial going forward.

Green jobs are key contributors to preserve or restore the environment, be that in traditional sectors such as manufacturing and construction, or in new, emerging green sectors such as renewable energy and energy efficiency, or services such as audit and rating of green activities. It would be in the long term interest of the country that it undertakes necessary efforts that balances the development and growth with that of environmental sustainability laced with efforts to generate green jobs, going forward. 

Contact:

Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar,

Minister of State for Labor and Employment, Indian Government, New Delhi

Email: [email protected] , Tel: +91-11-23717515/ 23710240

Source: https://www.climatescorecard.org/2020/09/green-jobs-are-key-contributors-to-preserve-the-environment-in-india/

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Green jobs in India

India is keen to attempt to work towards a low carbon emission pathway while simultaneously endeavouring to meet all the developmental challenges. The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) is taking forward the Prime Minister’s vision of a sustainable lifestyle and climate justice to protect the poor and vulnerable from adverse impacts of climate change. India’s INDC centres around its policies and programmes on promotion of clean energy, especially renewable energy, enhancement of energy efficiency, development of less carbon intensive and resilient urban centres, promotion of waste to wealth, safe, smart and sustainable green transportation network, abatement of pollution and India’s efforts to enhance carbon sink through creation of forest and tree cover. India, at COP 21 in Paris, declared a voluntary goal of reducing the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33–35%, over 2005 levels by 2030. India has adopted several ambitious measures for clean and renewable energy, energy efficiency in various sectors of industries, achieving lower emission intensity in the automobile and transport sector, non-fossil based electricity generation and building sector based on energy conservation. Thrust on Renewable Energy, Promotion of Clean Energy, Enhancing Energy Efficiency, Developing Climate resilient Urban Centres and Sustainable Green Transport Network are some of the measures for achieving this goal.

The Indian INDC brings a huge responsibility on the country and equal opportunities before green business and poses skilled manpower requirement towards creation of a Green Economy. The Green Economy is no longer an aspirational phrase but a compelling way of sustainable living, driven by, widely accepted, citizens’ concerns over Environment, Climate Change, Water and Waste and having an articulated road map, in the form of INDC’s that form part of the Paris Agreement.

Green jobs are jobs that contribute to preserve or restore the environment, be they in traditional sectors such as manufacturing and construction, or in new, emerging green sectors such as renewable energy and energy efficiency or services such as audit and rating of green activities.

If India achieves its target of 100 gigawatts (GW) of installed solar energy by 2022, as many as one million full time equivalent (FTE) jobs could be created

At the enterprise level, green jobs can produce goods or provide services that benefit the environment, for example green buildings or clean transportation. However, these green outputs (products and services) are not always based on green production processes and technologies. Therefore, green jobs can also be distinguished by their contribution to more environmentally friendly processes. For example, green jobs can reduce water consumption or improve recycling systems. Yet, green jobs defined through production processes do not necessarily produce environmental goods or services. Green jobs are central to sustainable development and respond to the global challenges of environmental protection, economic development and social inclusion. Greening of enterprises, workplace practices and the labour market as a whole can be achieved engaging governments, workers and employers as active agents of change. These efforts create employment opportunities, enhance resource efficiency and build low-carbon sustainable societies.

This article is a part of FICCI publication “Economy of Jobs” that was released during our 89th AGM in December 2016. It presents essays from India’s leading business leaders and eminent thought leaders who share views and suggestions on job creation. The articles cover varied issues: demographics, education, skill development, entrepreneurship, impact of technology, labour laws, and as well as specific issues across sectors.

More articles from this series can be viewed here at: Economy of Jobs

The Green Jobs scope covers the entire gamut of “Green Businesses”, viz. Renewable Energy, Energy Storage, Green Construction, Green Transportation, Carbon Sinks, Solid Waste Management, Water Management & E-Waste Management, and hence would have pan India impact. Green Businesses would encompass all forms of Renewable Electricity/ Fuels, Municipal/ Farm Waste & Urban/ Rural Water Management, Green Construction, Green Transport and Carbon Sinks.

Highlighting the job creation opportunities that a scaled-up clean energy market offers in India, analysis by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) estimates that solar photovoltaic (PV) projects built in India between 2011 and 2014 created approximately 24,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) jobs—solely from commissioned projects currently producing electricity. The wind sector has created about 45,000 FTE jobs so far, according to government estimates. Despite limited data, solar and wind renewable energy is estimated to have created nearly 70,000 FTE jobs in India so far. If India achieves its target of 100 gigawatts (GW) of installed solar energy by 2022, as many as one million FTE jobs could be created. Approximately 183,500 FTE jobs would be generated if India were to reach its target of installing 60 GW of wind energy capacity by 2022. Looking ahead, solar and wind companies in India can support the clean energy market by reporting their projects’ job creation numbers.

For more info: http://blog.ficci.com/archives/7385

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Creating green jobs could help address both unemployment and environmental degradation in India

Ravi Kumar*, 37, had always imagined that he would work at the Bangarpet gold mines where his father had been employed all his life. But then the mine, in South Eastern Karnataka’s Kolar district, shut down in 2001, forcing him to seek employment in the state capital, Bengaluru, 80 km away.

Kumar is now a janitor at a Bengaluru hotel, doing the long commute six days a week. There are around 4,000 men and women like him travelling long distances from Bangarpet in search of employment.

Like many other towns in Karnataka, Bangarpet also faces an acute water shortage, unable to provide even 40 litres to 50 litres per person per day during summers, far lower than the 135 litres benchmarked by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Bangarpet’s story can be heard across many small towns in Karnataka. Unemployment and environmental degradation are together emerging as two huge problems in these towns, concluded a team of researchers from the Indian Institute for Human Settlements, Bengaluru. The team studied 12 urban local bodies in Karnataka – Bangarpet, Bidar, Chamrajnagar, Davanagere, Haliyal, Hubli-Dharwad, KR Nagar, Lingasugur, Sakleshpur, Sira, Ullal and Yadgir.

Several of these urban local bodies lack the resources, capacity and financial autonomy to improve their delivery of basic services, the study found. These towns also face severe environmental stresses such as flooding, landslides and coastal erosion. Together, financial unsustainability and environmental hazards are driving migration, while leading to poor quality of life and public health concerns, the study found.

Is it possible to address these twin problems together using an interconnected solution – the generation of green jobs? These are decent jobs, as classified by the International Labour Organisation, that also help preserve the environment. The jobs can come from both the traditional sectors such as manufacturing and construction as well as emerging green sectors such as renewables, water conservation, waste management and so on.

The Indian Institute for Human Settlements study estimated the number of green jobs that could be generated in a year in towns and cities of different sizes in a few core sectors such as renewable energy, waste management, green transport and urban farming. The estimate was based on the population of the town and an assumption of the percentage of people who are likely to adopt sustainable practices in each of the core sectors.

In all, the green sector in these 12 cities could generate up to 650 jobs in a town municipal council, 1,875 jobs in a city municipal council and 9,085 jobs in a municipal corporation, the authors estimated. Of these, 150-2,500 jobs could be generated in the renewable energy sector depending on the size of a town, 300-2,000 jobs in waste management, 20-125 in green transport and 80-1,700 in urban farming.

India’s shift to a green economy could add 3 million jobs in the renewable energy sector alone by 2030, estimated the International Labour Organisation. This sector created 47,000 new jobs in India in 2017, employing 432,000 people, as per a July 2018 IndiaSpend report. The number of jobs in India’s green energy sector, excluding large hydropower projects, rose by 12% in just one year to 2017.

Around 20% of the more than 500,000 new green jobs created globally in 2017 were in India, implying that more than 721,000 Indians were employed in the sector. Green jobs thus appear to be the way forward for a nation with a high demographic dividend, a high unemployment rate and a degrading environment. About 24 million jobs could be created by transitioning to a circular economy, which includes activities such as recycling, repair, rent and remanufacture, and ecosystem services such as air and water purification, soil renewal and fertilisation, according to this 2018 study.

more info: https://scroll.in/article/936135/creating-green-jobs-could-help-address-both-unemployment-and-environmental-degradation-in-india

 

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